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Mountain meadows are one of the largest sinks of soil organic carbon in Central Europe. Photo: crash71100 CC0 1.0 DEED CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain DedicationPhoto: crash71100 CC0 1.0 DEED CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication

Mountain meadows are threatened by climate change

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Rising temperatures drives the loss of humus in mountain meadows and, with it, the release of CO2 into the atmosphere. This is reported in a study by the Technical University of Munich
Scientists developed a system that can predict missing data by taking into account soil and air dynamics. Photo: Beyond My Ken CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 InternationalBeyond My Ken CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Artificial intelligence accurately measures soil evapotranspiration

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Researchers at the University of Illinois have used artificial intelligence to predict missing data. Algorithm reduces margin of error compared to traditional measurements
Some sunflower varieties have genetically adapted to increase the number of disease-fighting microbes in the soil. Photo: T. R. Shankar Raman CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International T. R. Shankar Raman CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Plant genetics influences the presence of beneficial microbes in the soil

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A study from the University of Colorado shows a correlation between a number of genetic traits in sunflowers and a set of microbes capable of fighting plant diseases
NASA has launched two missions to monitor the soil and atmosphere for traces of water and signs of volcanic activity. Photo: Pixabay Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication licensePhoto: Pixabay Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication license

NASA will monitor soil moisture on Earth’s surface

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Soil moisture monitoring is also among the goals of NASA's latest missions. For the U.S. Space Agency, this is a new contribution to the study and protection of soil thanks to satellite data
Root decomposition promotes carbon release in the atmosphere. Photo: United States Department of Agriculture PDM 1.0 DEED Public Domain Mark 1.0 UniversalRoot decompoUnited States Department of Agriculture PDM 1.0 DEED Public Domain Mark 1.0 Universal

Roots and A.I. offer carbon storage solutions

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According to Alliance of Bioversity International deeper roots boost carbon sequestration while artificial intelligence enables more accurate measurements of carbon storage
Bees, both domestic and wild, play a crucial role in pollinating 70 percent of the Planet's plant species and contribute 35 percent of global food production. Photo: Rhododendrites CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 InternationalPhoto: Rhododendrites CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

A step forward in the fight of bees against mites

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Canadian study provides new details on the interaction between bees in their post larval stage and the Varroa destructor, a mite capable of destroying up to 40 percent of pollinator colonies each year
The reviewed projects affect 3.4 million hectares of land in the interior drylands of Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia where forest cover has increased by just 0.8 percent. Photo: John Robert McPherson CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 InternationalJohn Robert McPherson CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Forest regeneration in Australia does not influence CO2 sequestration

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A study shows that restoration projects implemented in Australia have had a negligible impact on tree cover. A finding that openly questions the effectiveness of the national carbon market
In the state of Assan in northeastern India, erosion affects nearly 300 square kilometers of topsoil, or 31 percent of the total. Photo: Akarsh Simha CC BY-SA 2.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 GenericPhoto: Akarsh Simha CC BY-SA 2.0 DEED Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic

In India, 30 percent of the soil is at risk of erosion

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A study illustrates for the first time the extent of the phenomenon in India. For 3 percent of the area, the situation is defined as "catastrophic" according to the new classification
Microbes can protect sorghum from being attacked by parasitic plants. Photo: National Parks Gallery Public Domain DedicationNational Parks Gallery Public Domain Dedication

This is how soil microbes fight plant infections

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According to University of California Davis research, certain strains of soil microbes act on the roots of sorghum plants, protecting them from external threats
Thousand-year-old cedar trees on Yakushima Island, Japan, feature crown soils rich in biodiversity. Photo: KimonBerlin CC BY-SA 2.0 DEEDKimonBerlin CC BY-SA 2.0 DEED

In canopy soils there is an undiscovered biodiversity

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A Japanese study highlights the variety of invertebrate species found in canopy soils, the soils created through the transformation of organic matter on branches